The temporomandibular joint is where the upper jaw (maxilla) and lower jaw (mandible) meet. This hinged joint connects the lower jaw to the temporal bone of the skull, which is located immediately in front of the ear on each side of the head.
Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction:
Opening and closing your mouth requires the left and right temporomandibular joints to work in unison. If the left and right joints do not move in harmony,the disc that separates the lower jaw from your skull can slip out of position, and cause problems including the dislocation of the TMJ.
Excessive gum chewing or forceful biting, such as cracking nuts in your teeth, can strain the joint and cause pain.
Most often, the cause of TMJ is a combination of muscle tension, (stress or teeth grinding), anatomical conditions (dental or arthritis) or structural abnormalities and injuries such as whiplash or sport injuries.
Pain or tenderness in the jaw or facial muscles
and in or around the ear when you chew or speak
Neck and shoulder pain
Earaches, hearing problems, and ringing in the ears
“Clicking” sound on opening/closing the mouth
Treatment options for TMJ disorders
Class VI K-Laser Therapy – Used to reduce the pain and inflammation, as well as increase range of motion to the neck and in opening the mouth. Laser therapy improves circulation, reduces inflammation, and reduces swelling, muscle spasms, stiffness and pain.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) – This therapy uses low-level electrical currents to provide pain relief by relaxing the jaw joint and facial muscles.
Ultrasound – Ultrasound treatment stimulates the tissue beneath the skin’s surface using high frequency sound waves to relieve soreness, improve mobility and speed up healing by increasing the blood flow.
Massage – Massage therapy helps in restoring and relaxing over worked and tight facial, neck and upper shoulder muscles.
Physical Therapy – Chiropractic and Physiotherapy manual adjustments realign the joints improving both movement and pain reduction.
Intramuscular Stimulation/IMS– This therapy involves insertion of filament needles into the muscle that have contracted and become shortened. These shortened muscles compress and irritate the nerves. The aim of IMS is to release muscle tension and pain.